Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Madame Stephanie St. Clair

 Things learned about Stephanie St. Clair:
  • She was female gang leader who ran numerous criminal enterprises in HarlemNew York in the early part of the 20th century. Despite resisting the interests of the Mafia for several years after Prohibition ended, she continued to be an independent operator never coming under mafia control.
  • She was born of mixed French and African descent on Martinique but there has been stronger theories that she is from Guadalupe Island, a small island off the coast of Mexico. She immigrated to the United States via Marseilles in 1912 and ten years later took $10,000 of her own money and set up a numbers bank in Harlem. She became known throughout Manhattan as Queenie, but Harlem residents respectfully referred to her as Madame St. Clair
  • When her rival, Dutch Schultz was assassinated by the Mafia in 1935 on the orders of The Commission, St. Clair sent a telegram to his hospital bed as the gangster lay dying. It read, "As ye sow, so shall ye reap." The incident made headlines across the nation.
  • She died quietly and still rich in Harlem in 1969.

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